4.2 Access to Freshwater

Freshwater is essential for everybody, but it is not evenly distributed around the globe; it is available in abundance in some places but scarce in others and this can lead to conflict.

Water can be extracted sustainably from its sources (but often isn’t).


1Distribution and uses of freshwater (including influence of climate change on distribution)
2Contamination and unsustainable extraction
3Enhancing freshwater supplies
4Conflict over water supplies
5Conflict on the Nile
Chapter Workbook
Vocabulary Sheet

  • (None for this chapter)

Full PSOW here.

Essay Task

“Outline and evaluate strategies that can be used to meet increasing demand for freshwater.” [9 marks]

View essay markbands

The essay should marked using the Paper 2, Section B essay markbands.

PDF Version

Google Docs Version

Google Docs 4.2 essay

Open the link and make a copy to your own drive. The doc can easily be shared as an “Assignment” on Google Classroom.

A markbands rubric designed for Google Classroom is available here.